Memorial Day, Mr. Justice Holmes and Professor Ronald K.L. Collins

Today is Memorial Day, 2015. I write about Mr. Justice Holmes, and Professor Ronald K.L. Collins‘ classic, The Fundamental Holmes, A Free Speech Chronicle and Reader, Cambridge University Press (first published 2010).

Regular readers of this blog know that I regard Professor Collins very highly. He is a first-rate scholar and a beautiful writer. His recent interviews with Judge Posner and resulting analysis are among the best contemporary original scholarship I have read. See, for example, here. Like Posner, who wrote  The Essential Holmes: Selections from the Letters, Speeches, Judicial Opinions, and Other Writings of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.(Paperback – January 1, 1997), Collins is fascinated with Mr. Justice Holmes.

In Collins’ The Fundamental Holmes, the professor traces Holmes’s view on free speech over the seventy-year span of the great man’s life. Each chapter includes Collins’ incisive commentary followed by cases and other writings that illustrate the Justice’s views on free speech. Just a moment ago, I described the book as a classic. That is not hyperbole.

In this post, I do not intend to review Collins’ book. Others far more capable than I am have done that and I have no desire to gild what is plainly a golden lily. What I do intend to do in this post is to use Collins’ book, and Holmes himself, to write about Memorial Day.


Daguerreotype portrait of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., by Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. Image courtesy of the Harvard University Library.

Daguerreotype portrait of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., by Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. Image courtesy of the Harvard University Library.

The defining event in the life of Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., was the Civil War. After graduation from Harvard, he became a first lieutenant. He was wounded at the battle of Ball’s Bluff in Virginia. He was shot through the neck at Antietam Creek, Maryland. He was shot in the heel at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

While some scholars have described Holmes as a nihilist who loved war and a man without morals, and it is true that Holmes was an agnostic and a skeptic who wrote about war in glowing but realistic terms, Holmes was not a war lover. Collins writes:

In a world bereft of certainty, bloated by comfort, and intoxicated by greed, he hoped to revive the great Phoenix of the soldiers faith. And that faith was inextricably tied to duty, which in turn was linked to the value of struggle as a core principle of life. In the broad sweep of it, the fog of Holmes impassioned rhetoric dimmed a glaring truth–it was the fight, more than what is fought for, that was to be valued.

The Fundamental Holmes, at p. 35.

I agree with Collins. While Holmes thought the assumption of eternal truth is both arrogant and ignorant (a point of view that I endorse), Holmes did believe in something. Life itself was an end unto itself. The performance of one’s duty to the fullest extent is the hallmark of a life well-lived.

Holmes delivered a Memorial Day address on May 30, 1884, at Keene, New Hampshire. Collins has reconstructed the speech from various sources.  I quote two passages from that speech as illustrations.

On the death of his friend, the subtext being the fulfilment of one’s duty, Holmes writes:


Id. at p. 23.

On the value of being “touched by fire” and a “mighty heart” displayed while pursuing one’s duty, the great man gives us this breathtaking prose:


Id. at p. 25.

It is worth remembering the Justice’s remarks–even though a 131 years have passed since they were first composed and uttered. And it is worth thanking Professor Collins for fulfilling his duty to the fullest in The Fundamental Holmes.




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